Scimitar-Horned Oryx

(Oryx Dammah)

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A century ago, their habitat would have been the Sahara and Sahel regions, but today they are extinct in the wild

Scimitar horned Oryx are desert antelope that are mostly white with reddish brown necks and marks on the face and a long, dark, tufted tail. Both male and female scimitar-horned oryx have long, ridged, sharp-tipped and curved backwards horns that grow to be several feet long. To deal with desert heat, scimitar-horned oryx can tolerate an internal body temperature of 116 degrees Fahrenheit (47 C). This allows them to conserve water and thrive in the desert. The scimitar-horned oryx is now extinct in the wild, though surveys show that Niger and Chad may have appropriate habitat for reintroduction, and some reintroductions have begun in Tunisia and Chad.

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